For the first time in nearly a decade, reported cases of sexually transmitted diseases (STDs) are on the rise in the U.S.In addition, according to the Center for Disease Control and Prevention, the 1.5 million cases of chlamydia recorded in 2015 is the highest number ever on record. Although chlamydia is curable, it can have adverse consequences for men if left untreated. Here are the symptoms of the infection in males, and what to do if you do suspect you have this sexually transmitted disease.

Chlamydia is an infection caused by the bacteria Chlamydia trachomatis and most individuals who become infected with chlamydia do not experience any symptoms. However, for men that do experience symptoms, the signs of chlamydia can be very alarming. According to STDcheck.com, the most common symptoms of chlamydia in men are itching and burning around the opening of the penis, some testicular pain and swelling, and a sore throat. While less common, some men may also experience abnormal penile discharge which can appear as thick, yellow-white, milky or watery. In addition, there may be pain or discomfort while urinating, or if the infection is the rectum, rectal bleeding and pain.

If you or your partner believe you may have been infected with chlamydia, it’s important to seek medical attention. An untreated chlamydia infection in men can result in nongonococcal urethritis (NGU), an infection of the urethra. If can also cause an infection of the epididymis (the tube that carries sperm away from the testes), which if left untreated can lead to infertility. Also, in rare cases untreated chlamydia can lead to reactive arthritis (painful swelling of the joints), Very Well reported.

Chlamydia is treateable with a prescription antibiotic, although this has become increasingly difficult thanks to the growing threat of antibiotic resistance. According to The Planned Parenthood, the antibiotic is given in one dose or over the course of seven days. You will also need to be re-tested three months later to ensure that the infection is completely cleared up. Men are advised to tell their sexual partner of their infection and to refrain from further sexual activity until the infection is cleared up.

Read More:

Chlamydia Symptoms In Women: How To Recognize This STD And What To Do If You’re Infected: Read Here

Chlamydia Treatment Often Difficult Due To Pathogen's Resilience; Scientists Trace STD's Evolutionary Pattern: Read Here