Respiratory Diseases

Respiratory Diseases Respiratory diseases encompass pathological conditions affecting the organs and tissues that make gas exchange possible in higher organisms, and includes conditions of the upper respiratory tract, trachea, bronchi, bronchioles, alveoli, pleura and pleural cavity, and the nerves and muscles of breathing. Respiratory diseases range from mild and self-limiting, such as the common cold, to life-threatening entities like bacterial pneumonia, pulmonary embolism, and lung cancer.

Duke researchers learn how lung fibrosis begins and could be treated

By | Mon, 06/27/2011 - 14:12

An invasive cell that leads to fibrosis of the lungs may be stopped by cutting off its supply of sugar, according to researchers at Duke University Medical Center. Idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis (IPF), which affects about 100,000 people in the U.S. each year and leads to death within three years of diagnosis, has only one therapy in the U. S.: lung transplantation. Duke researchers have found a possible new treatment by identifying a cell surface receptor on the invasive cells called myofibroblasts and an enzyme that produces a sugar the receptor recognizes.

Patients with severe non-inflammatory respiratory disease face anemia risk

By | Thu, 03/31/2011 - 09:55

A study of nearly 600 patients with severe non-inflammatory respiratory disease has found that a significant percentage also suffered from anaemia, according to the April issue of IJCP, theInternational Journal of Clinical Practice.

Lung societies unveil new international classification of lung adenocarcinoma

By | Tue, 02/01/2011 - 13:43

Three of the world's top lung associations have published a new international multidisciplinary classification of lung adenocarcinoma, the first revision to the classification in six years.

Vitamin D deficiency associated with reduced lung function

By | Tue, 02/01/2011 - 09:02

New research shows that vitamin D deficiency is prevalent among patients with interstitial lung disease (ILD), with the largest prevalence seen in patients with concurrent connective tissue disease (CTD).

Findings on pollution damage to human airways could yield new therapies

By | Tue, 01/18/2011 - 08:40

Researchers from Duke University Medical Center have identified how nanoparticles from diesel exhaust damage lung airway cells, a finding that could lead to new therapies for people susceptible to airway disease.

Newborns with low vitamin D levels at increased risk for respiratory infections

By | Mon, 12/27/2010 - 09:05

The vitamin D levels of newborn babies appear to predict their risk of respiratory infections during infancy and the occurrence of wheezing during early childhood, but not the risk of developing asthma.