Weird Medicine

Artificial Blood That Could Potentially Fit With All Blood Types Invented By Japanese Scientists

Despite various blood banks available today, there are still instances where a patient that needs a blood transfusion can’t immediately get one. That’s because there are various blood types, and introducing a different type to a person’s system can mess with their body, and lead to more life-threatening problems.

Thankfully, scientists from Japan may have found the answer, although that answer is still in its very early stages. That’s because they have managed to develop what’s called as “artificial blood,” which in theory, can fit any patient’s blood type. This means that blood transfusions no longer have to look for similar blood types since the artificial blood is essentially a one-size-fits-all type. Furthermore, it can also help fill the need of the current market for blood transfusions. According to the World Health Organization, 117.4 billion units of donated blood are collected at an annual level. However, this amount still isn’t enough.

With that being said, however, the research is still in its early days. So far, there have only been 10 tests made on rabbits, and with mixed results and success. Still, the blood has the potential to be a very exciting breakthrough if it ever moves to human trials.

First revealed in a report in the journal Transfusion, Japanese scientists first set out to create some type of blood surrogate that can mimic the functions of all types of biological blood, therefore removing the need for finding matches for blood types. The surrogate will supposedly easily adapt into the body and mimic blood functions, such as storing and transporting oxygen.

As per the tests, after transfusing the blood surrogate to 10 rabbit test subjects who are suffering from a liver injury, six of them managed to survive. According to the scientists, this is the same success rate observed in usual blood transfusions.

However, since the researchers have not yet observed the long-term effects of the surrogate blood, it’s unknown at the moment whether this could lead to more health problems. Nevertheless, the research proves to be an important stepping stone in finally developing a universal artificial blood surrogate that could help save millions of lives.

blood sample Researchers from the Massachusetts Institute of Technology (MIT) created a new diagnostic tool designed to detect sepsis within 30 minutes and only with a tiny drop of blood. Pixabay

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