Bubonic Plague 2019: Signs And Symptoms Of Deadly Infection

The bubonic plague is considered as one of the deadliest bacterial infections in all of human history. In fact, Europe experienced over 50 million deaths during the gruesome plague in the Middle Ages.

In a recent news report by CNN, a Mongolian couple died of bubonic plague after eating the raw kidney of a marmot. Soon after, health authorities had quarantined many people, both locals and foreign travelers, who had come into contact with the couple.

Do note that a plague mostly affects humans and other mammals. It is a bacterial infection that is transmitted primarily by rodent fleas that carry the bacteria Yersinia Pestis. There are times when improper handling of an infected animal can also directly affect humans. Sometimes humans can become infected when they come into contact with sick animals or inhale droplets from the cough of an infected person.

What’s worse is that there aren't any effective vaccines against the plague. Untreated bubonic plague can even lead to a more serious pneumonic plague. It is imperative that as soon as you observe symptoms of this deadly infection, you immediately inform health authorities.

Mayo Clinic has shared the common signs and symptoms of the bubonic plague and they are all found below:

1. Swollen lymph nodes

Bubonic plague directly affects this part of the lymph system allowing it to become inflamed. Swollen lymph nodes, also referred to as buboes, are the first signs you will notice after getting infected. Buboes are observed during the first week of the infection.

2. Sudden onset of chills and fever

Other signs and symptoms that may be observed during the first week of the infection include chills and fever. Pay attention to flu-like symptoms and make it a habit to monitor your temperature. Fever is typically the body’s response to any foreign invaders or viruses that may have found its way into the body.

3. Severe headache

Stemming from the previous point, headaches can also be categorized under flu-like symptoms. Some of the common symptoms of headache include squeezing and throbbing sensation in one or several parts of the skull or face.

4. Malaise or fatigue

Malaise is the general feeling of uneasiness, pain and discomfort. The exact cause may be difficult to identify. However, if you notice extreme fatigue coupled with the sudden onset of chills and fever, it is best that you consult health officials to ensure you have not been infected.

5. Muscle aches

Accompanied by extreme fatigue are muscle aches. Sore muscles and vomiting may suggest the possibility of the bubonic plague. If you have been to an area that was reported to have been infected by the plague, it is best to see a doctor right away.