Vitality

Do You Know How To Do CPR? You Might Be Wrong

Cardiopulmonary resuscitation, or CPR for short, can double or even triple an individual's chances of getting through cardiac arrest. It is considered the most basic of all medical procedures, and it is best to know how to perform it just in case you are confronted with a life-threatening emergency.

If a family member, friend or ordinary passerby in the street collapses and stops breathing, CPR steps like chest compressions and rescue breaths will provide circulation and help the oxygen to enter the body.

Here are some things to take note of when performing CPR:

1. Position the hand at the center of the chest

Make sure the person is lying on his or her back against a firm surface before performing CPR. Kneel next to the person and gently place the heel of the hand on the middle part of the upper chest.

2. Interlock fingers for a secure grip

Keep arms straight, cup the first hand with the heel of the second hand and have all fingers tightly interlocked. Put the fingers at a slight elevation as to prevent touching the person's chest or rib cage.

3. Begin chest compressions

Lean forward so that both shoulders are over the person's chest. Afterward, press down on the chest about two inches before releasing the pressure. For this step, it is essential to note that to relieve the person, do not use the hands and wait for the chest to come back up.

4. Open the airway and give rescue breaths

Move to the person's head, tilt the head and lift the chin to open the airway. Then allow the mouth to fall open slightly. Pinch the nostrils closed with the hand placed on the forehead of the person while the other supports the chin. Blow in the mouth until the chest begins to rise.

5. Watch the chest fall and repeat chest compressions and rescue breaths

After blowing air for the first time, watch if the chest falls. If it does, place the hands on top once more and repeat the cycle of 30 chest compressions pursued by two rescue breaths until the person wakes up.

Even professionals sometimes do CPR the wrong way. Two studies that appeared in the Journal of the American Medical Association in 2005 have revealed one reason for the procedure's low batting average and it’s that experts who have done it thousands of times often find themselves miscalculating the steps.

It is critical for an average person to familiarize himself or herself with the right CPR steps because it is both confusing and frightening when a nearby person unexpectedly becomes unconscious.

CPR Performing CPR as a bystander could save someone's life. Shutterstock

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