Escarole Lettuce: 5 Health Benefits You Need To Know

Escarole lettuce is a popular leafy green vegetable used in Italian dishes, especially the wedding soup. It belongs to the chicory plant family that also includes Belgian endive and frisée. Its history can be traced back to Greece, Egypt and England in the 1500s. The leaves were said to have been cultivated in the United States by the early colonists.  

Escarole is popular across the world for its rich nutritional content and low-calorie. Each serving has ample amounts of vitamins C, A, K, calcium and iron. The bitter tasting leaves are eaten along with salads and can be used in different dishes, either in raw form or as part of a salad. 

The versatile vegetable is mixed with white beans in soup and sometimes escarole is put together as a side dish with bacon. It can be cooked in various ways, such as sautéed and grilled. Here are five health benefits that you can enjoy from incorporating this green leafy vegetable in your diet. 


According to a study in the Annals of Nutrition and Metabolism, sufficient amount of vitamin C reduces symptoms of the common cold, flu, respiratory conditions, malaria and pneumonia. Escarole not only has vitamin C, it also has vitamin A, which helps fight inflammation, thereby improves immune function. 

Weight Loss

Fiber present in escarole aids weight loss because it gives the feeling of fullness, reducing appetite and helps push out the stool with enough bulk through the gastrointestinal tract efficiently. 

Also, because the leafy vegetable is a low-calorie food. According to studies, adding fiber and green vegetables to the diet promotes weight loss in the long term. 


Antioxidants help fight free radicals and prevent oxidative stress that can lead to various diseases and chronic conditions. Escarole is filled with polyphenols and flavonoids that are two important antioxidants. 

Digestive Health

Since escarole is a great source of fiber, it aids digestive health since it contains nearly three grams in one helping. Fiber also helps good bacteria grow in the gut, which is needed for nutrient absorption and inflammation. Many digestive conditions are also prevented such as constipation and hemorrhoids. 

Eye Health

Vitamin A deficiency is related to poor eye health especially dry eyes and night vision loss. Age-related macular degeneration can be improved by taking a multivitamin with vitamin A and C. 

Salad A plate of salad with blood oranges, dates, arugula and parmesan chees prepared by Lucques chef Suzanne Goin is on display during food and wine event at Lucques in preparation of 17th annual SAG Awards on January 24, 2011 in Los Angeles, California. Kevork Djansezian/Getty Images