Science/Tech

Experts Discover 70-Mile-Long Wall In Iran

We’ve all heard of the Great Wall of China, the series of fortification systems built across the country’s northern borders to protect against various nomadic empires, and is supposedly visible from space (fun fact, it’s not). But have you ever heard of the wall of western Iran?

Probably not, because historical experts and archaeologists have just recently identified it.

Ancient Wall

Extending about 71 miles (or 115 kilometers), the wall was found in Sar Pol-e Zahab County in western Iran, and is supposedly as long as the famous Hadrian's Wall that was built across England by the Romans.  Per the release written about it, the wall runs north-south from the Bamu Mountains in the north to an area near Zhaw Marg village in the south.

"With an estimated volume of approximately one million cubic meters [35,314,667 cubic feet] of stone, it would have required significant resources in terms of workforce, materials and time," Sajjad Alibaigi, a doctoral student in the department of archaeology at the University of Tehran, wrote.

According to the paper, the wall would have been built somewhere between the fourth century B.C. and sixth century A.D., as evidenced by some ancient pottery that has been found along the wall.

“Remnants of structures, now destroyed, are visible in places along the wall. These may have been associated turrets [small towers] or buildings,” Alibaigi added, noting the wall itself is built from natural local materials, such as cobbles and boulders, with gypsum mortar surviving in places.

However, while the wall itself has just been recently identified, locals living around the area are aware of its presence, calling it as the “Gawri Wall.” Unfortunately, because it hasn’t been preserved properly, archaeologists aren’t sure how tall or wide it actually is, with the best guess sitting at 13 feet wide and around 10 feet tall. Why it was built, or who built it, is unknown as well.

However, since the Gawri wall isn’t the only ancient wall discovered in Iran, then it’s theorized that it may have been made for defensive purposes since similar structures have been located in the north and eastern parts of the country.

old-4153162_960_720 A desert in Iran. Photo by Pixabay (CC0)

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