Conditions

Heat Stroke Facts Your Doctor Isn’t Telling You

The cities of Philadelphia, New York and Washington, D.C., recently declared a heat emergency due to increasing temperatures amid summer. Local governments have activated hundreds of cooling centers as the coming weeks are expected to become hotter. 

The humidity is likely to make more areas in the central and eastern U.S. hotter than the southwest. Up to 14 states already reported record-breaking temperatures because of the heat wave. 

In Maryland, two people were confirmed dead due to heat-related conditions, like heat stroke, CBS News reported Thursday

“So heat stroke is when your core temperature is 104 or higher and you start to have central nervous system dysfunction,” Dr. Tara Narula of CBS News said. “At those higher temperatures, basically, your cells start to break down, your gut becomes leaky, you risk muscle damage, kidney, liver, brain damage and even heart damage.”

Heat Stroke Facts You Need To Know

It Is A Serious Medical Emergency 

A heat stroke if left untreated may lead to shock, coma, brain damage, kidney failure and death. It is important to seek medical attention immediately once signs appear to avoid serious health problems. 

Signs Of Heat Stroke 

Aside from extremely high body temperature of over 104° Fahrenheit, a person experiencing heat stroke may feel headaches, dizziness, fatigue, muscle cramps and rapid heartbeat and breathing. 

Confusion and delirium may also occur along with vomiting and red skin. Absence of sweating despite high body temperature and exhaustion is another sign of heat stroke, according to Healthcommunities.com.

Causes Of Heat Stroke

The main cause of such stroke is spending long periods of time under the sun. Dehydration, strenuous work and alcohol and caffeine consumption if done while exposed to hot weather may also trigger a heat stroke. 

Who Is At Risk? 

Older people and those who are overweight are at higher risk of suffering the stroke due to poor temperature-regulating mechanisms and extra layers of body fat, respectively. 

How To Prevent Heat Stroke

If going outdoors or spending time on the beach, always wear light clothing, bring enough drinking water and try to remain in cool and well-ventilated areas. 

How to Treat Heat Stroke

If someone near you suddenly collapsed and showed signs of heat stroke, call for professional medical assistance immediately. Take the patient to a shady area or a cool room, loosen or remove clothing that may trap heat, or sponge the person with cold water or place in a cool bath.

beach summer Summer is already here and some areas in the U.S. are already experiencing hot, sweaty temperatures. Pixabay

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