What Iron Deficiency Does To Your Body

Iron deficiency comes from having an unbalanced diet, internal bleeding, period overflow and inflammatory bowel disease. The absence of the mineral leads to the decrease in the production of hemoglobin, a protein found in the red blood cells and required to transport oxygen across the body.

Symptoms of the condition are breathlessness, tiredness, inability to focus on productivity, paleness, headaches, dizziness, anxiety and restless leg syndrome. The condition can easily be treated through various supplements or iron-rich food. Supplements have to be taken with caution, however, since they can cause heartburn, diarrhea, constipation, nausea and black stools. 

The effects on the body of iron deficiency are the following according to Healthline:

Heart Problem

Iron deficiency causes the most common type of anemia. When there is low hemoglobin, the heart has to do double the pumping work to carry oxygen throughout the system and this results in an irregular heart beat. In rare extreme cases, you can suffer from an enlarged heart, if iron deficiency persists for a long period of time.   


The skin turns pale as the rosy tint comes from hemoglobin present in blood cells. If there is low hemoglobin in red blood cells, different parts of the body appear pale. It can be the gums, lower eyelids, face and hands or even in the nails. A simple blood test can prove the deficiency.

Premature birth

If a woman’s pregnancy is hampered with iron deficiency, it results in premature birth sometimes and the baby can be born underweight, as well. In the journal BMJ, a study said that a child’s development can be impaired in the long run if the mother is not treated on time prior to pregnancy. 

Inflammatory bowel disease

Blood loss from the intestinal mucosa and micronutrient deficiencies such as iron and B12 are the main reasons for inflammatory bowel disease (IBD). Otherwise, the other causes are chronic inflammation, hemolysis and when red blood cells are decreased due to side effects of cancer treatment.  


Menorrhagia is a condition where there is excessive bleeding during periods, and it lasts for a prolonged amount of time. This vaginal bleeding could lead to anemia.

iron supplement Iron deficiency is caused by the low production of hemoglobin in the red blood cells, while decreasing the level of oxygen that is carried to various parts of the body. Creative Commons