Italy imposed the “no vaccine, no school” policy among its preschools due to the decrease in national immunization rate. Children were banned from enrollment if they were not properly vaccinated. The policy was made after a national debate on imposing compulsory vaccination among children in the country shed light on the issue.

Italy’s mandatory vaccination policy is for children aged six years old and below. Unvaccinated kids will not be allowed to enroll in preschools. The mandate was a response to a surge in measles cases within the country. The BBC reported that Italian officials also concluded that the Lorenzin law, the basis for the “no vaccine, no school” policy, was a precaution to uphold public health. Among the targeted medical conditions that the country wishes to eradicate are mumps, polio, chickenpox and rubella.

Guardians and parents were compelled to abide by the requirement on or before March 10. Since the date was on a weekend, the deadline was stretched until Monday of this week.

According to health minister Giulia Grillo, measles cases in Europe have risen to an alarming rate. A number of citizens also continue to refuse to give their children vaccines due to social media manipulation. Thus, officials found the implementation of the policy as a matter of national safety.

The Lorenzin law was initially passed last 2017 by the previous administration. However, the “no vaccine, no school” policy was only implemented earlier this week. Global News reported that the mandatory vaccination is set to target 10 diseases. These illnesses are said to be transferrable to other children who have not been subjected to proper vaccinations, and they may be contracted in school and daycare centers.

The Italian government’s response to the declining national immunization rate compels parents and guardians to have their kids vaccinated as part of the requirements in preschools. They will also be fined up to €500 by local health authorities if they refuse to abide by the policy.