Kidney Stones: How To Get Rid Of Renal Calculi

Both Anna Kendrick and Liam Hemsworth were previously sent to hospitals because of one painful health problem. The two actors had kidney stones.

The “Pitch Perfect” actress and “Isn't It Romantic” actor were just among the thousands of people who suffered from kidney stones, or renal calculi, in the U.S. A study in 2018 showed that kidney stones patients are on the rise in the country. 

Between 1984 and 2012, diagnoses increased more than four times among women and two times for men. The National Kidney Foundation estimates that there are more than half a million Americans being sent to emergency rooms for kidney stone problems annually. 

The stone occurs when waste from urine form into crystals that stay and grow in the kidney. Kidney stones are made of calcium, oxalate, urate, cystine, xanthine and phosphate.

The stone-formation is commonly triggered by lack of water, exercise, obesity, weight loss surgery or high consumption of salt or sugar. However, there are already various treatments for kidney stones. 

You may opt for extracorporeal shock wave lithotripsy (ESWL), percutaneous nephrolithotripsy (PCNL) or ureteroscopy.


This procedure involves a tube placed through the urethra and bladder into the ureter. A surgeon will then use the instrument to view inside the urethra and apply power to break down the stones. Ureteroscopy is known for little to no complications, according to Harvard Health Blog

Percutaneous Nephrolithotripsy

PCNL uses ultrasound or fluoroscopic guidance. It removes kidney stones with the power source, like an ultrasound or laser, inserted through a small incision in the lower back.

The broken stones will then be taken out of the kidney using an external tube. Surgeons commonly recommend PCNL for patients with larger kidney stones, complex stones or lower pole renal stones.

Some patients reported side effects, such as bleeding, infection and injury to surrounding organs.

Extracorporeal Shock Wave Lithotripsy

ESWL helps eliminate kidney stones from the kidney by sending shock waves to the stone from the skin. However, the procedure has limitations and is commonly successful only for stones less than 10 mm in size.

Complications may also occur, such as hypertension, increased risk of diabetes and injured kidney tissue.

Kidney pains There are signs and symptoms of medical conditions that may or may not be fatal once you experience kidney pains. PublicDomainPictures/Pixabay