Paranoid Personality Disorder: What You Need To Know

People who display constitutional paranoia do not generally conform to specific behaviors, like confiding in other people. Moreover, they frequently misunderstand and misread intentions of others and find themselves redefining innocuous statements and other gestures as malevolent.

The typical situation is always a paranoid personality-disordered person relentlessly being suspicious of others. This individual thinks that people in the world are out to threaten, harm, betray and exploit them. This disorder starts to surface usually during young adulthood. Those who carry this disorder are not ordinarily stable or grounded in reality, nor do they admit to having negative feelings and thoughts about other people. They distrust people to the extent that they will not even begin to discuss or reveal their emotions and harbor suspicions for long periods of time.

The results of the paranoid personality disorder include having poor relationships with peers, social anxiety, academic underachievement, hypersensitivity and peculiar reasoning and use of language, as well as idiosyncratic fantasies.

People who possess these traits may appear odd or eccentric in the general eye, thus making them the perfect target for teasing. In a lot of clinical samples, this disorder has been observed to be more commonly diagnosed in males.

Furthermore, there exists a piece of evidence for an increased universality of paranoid personality disorder among individuals whose relatives have been associated with schizophrenia. Some behaviors that are affected by certain life circumstances may be erroneously called paranoid and may even be supported by the actions performed in a clinical evaluation.

Today, the most favorable treatment for the disorder is psychotherapy, which focuses on providing patients psychological help. Those who suffer from this personality disorder have frequently experienced difficulties that hinder interpersonal relations.

If one wishes to seek help, a strong therapist-client alliance should be the most successful factor in the treatment. However, the paranoid personality-disordered patient does not generally reach out for help and it is common for them to discontinue any therapy.

On account of this, it is essential for the friends as well as the family members of these individuals to show unceasing love and support, for this disorder requires regular treatment.

Mental Illness Prime Minister Theresa May visits Southfields school in south west London where she is meeting with staff and students to discuss support for the launch of a new package of measures to prevent mental illness, on June 17, 2019 in London, England. Stefan Rousseau - WPA Pool/Getty Images