The Unexamined Life

3 Dangers Of Wisdom Tooth Extraction

Wisdom teeth are unnecessary tools at this day and age. Science revealed that our body developed third molars so our ancestors could chew hard food. This function has been rendered unnecessary since, unlike our ancestors, we now cook food before eating them. Thus, what we eat is softer and does not require extra teeth support. This leads to the question as to whether wisdom tooth extraction is a necessity and why it’s not always a safe option.

Why Extract Wisdom Teeth?

Wisdom teeth usually develop when you reach the age of 18. Before resorting to tooth extraction, dentists analyze x-rays and suggest the procedure as a preventive treatment, reported Mayo Clinic.

Oral surgeons recommend removal when the tooth is impacted or when it does not fully erupt out of your gum tissue. This happens when another tooth blocks its growth. When left unextracted, it may accumulate food around the gum area which makes it prone to bacterial infections, as per Wellness Mama.

Another reason is when the patient finds wisdom tooth difficult to clean. Wisdom teeth are located at the far back of the mouth. Those with a crowded teeth have a hard time cleaning them.

Resorting to teeth extraction poses many risks and is linked to certain conditions. Here are the most common health complications that arise with the procedure.

Cavitation

This is a hole in the jaw bone that is crowded by dead or decaying tissue. According to Amalgam.org, 88 percent of patients who resort to tooth extraction end up with cavitation.

When the dentist extracts your wisdom tooth, a hole in your jaw bone is formed. This area becomes a breeding ground for bacteria if the procedure was not properly performed. The dentist needs to clean the socket or completely remove the periodontal ligament to prevent the condition.

Infection

When you suffer from cavitation due to the extraction, you are at a higher risk of infections. If you do not follow proper oral hygiene, bacteria may build up in the hole. The toxins produced by the bacteria enter your bloodstream and spread throughout your mouth and to the rest of your body.

As per WebMD, improper oral hygiene may lead to heart disease, diabetes, arthritis, lung conditions, obesity, osteoporosis and poor birth outcome in pregnant women.

A dry socket also develops when the extraction forms a blood clot and the site loosens and falls off early. When this happens, bacteria can easily contaminate the area and cause you pain and develop into an infection. The dentist would then need to perform a second surgery to correct the dry socket.

Paresthesia

This is a condition characterized by the numbing of the lips and tongue. When your tooth is impacted, it is at a bad position in the mouth. After the surgery, you may suffer from mild to severe paresthesia especially when you did not experience the symptoms before the procedure.

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