The Grapevine

Scientists Rank Safest Places For Human Survival During Global Disease Outbreak

Numerous scientists have been warning that humans are moving closer to extinction due to ongoing changes around the world, from environments to man-made disasters. The latest advances in technology also puts millions at risk due to weapons that could produce modified diseases.

With the potential rise of technologies or natural events that could bring deadly pandemic to the world, scientists raised the question of which areas would be the best to repopulate Earth following a disaster. Where can remaining humans stay safe and uninfected by diseases? 

A new study, published in the journal Risk Analysis, suggests Australia, Iceland and New Zealand may offer the safest places for humans during and after a global disease outbreak. Researchers said these nations could ensure long-term human survival due to thier locations on the water and lack of shared borders. 

“Though carriers of disease can easily circumvent land borders, a closed, self-sufficient island could harbor an isolated, technologically adept population that could repopulate the Earth following a disaster," Nick Wilson, study co-author and a professor at the University of Otago in New Zealand, said in a statement.

Wilson and his colleagues created a list of countries that could protect humans in the future and allow generations to thrive following a pandemic. The researchers ranked nations based on location, population, political and social features and availability of natural resources, Fox News reported Wednesday.

However, the team only assessed the countries with populations of over 250,000 people and without shared land borders or connected bridge. They noted the countries with larger population have greater chances of rebuilding the civilization.

Results showed there are 20 countries that could protect and support life after a global disease outbreak. Australia ranked first followed by New Zealand and Iceland due to large supply of energy and food.

"The island nations … appear most likely to have the features required to act as an effective refuge in the face of a catastrophic global pandemic, from which large-scale technological society can be successfully rebuilt," researchers said. 

The other island nations on the list of safe places are Japan, Barbados, Cuba, Fiji and Jamaica. The researchers said the countries should work on plans to prepare for a global pandemic, invest in resiliency measures and practice border controls. 

“The worst-case scenario could see multiple genetically engineered pandemic organisms being released at once,” Matt Boyd, lead study author and research director at Adapt Research, said. “We need to be ready for these situations.”

Aircraft A new study suggests Australia, Iceland and New Zealand may offer the safest places for humans during and after a global disease outbreak. Pixabay