Shocking Discovery Inside Cells Could Help Fight Cancer

Cancer is one hell of a disease. As one of the leading causes of deaths from all over the world, it’s a silent killer, often spreading throughout your body while you’re unaware, only to show itself when it’s already too late, after which it makes the person suffer and waste away.

As such, treatments are continuously being made and tested to help put a stop to it, and a group of scientists have found a promising discovery recently.

Can this discovery prevent cancer?

Hailing from the University Of Virginia School Of Medicine, the scientists have recently discovered a strange and new organelle while analyzing our cells, which can apparently help prevent cancer by making sure multiplying cells have their genetic material sorted out properly.

According to the researchers, they were able to connect problems experienced by the organelle to a subset of breast cancer tumors that apparently makes a variety of mistakes in segregating chromosomes in cells. Through their analysis, however, they discovered that they’re able to give doctors the option to choose patient tumors as they are choosing therapies. With that, they’re hoping this new insight can help doctors create personalized treatments to each cancer patient, such as which therapy won’t work and which will.

"Some percentage of women get chemotherapy drugs for breast cancer that are not very effective. They are poisoned, in pain and their hair falls out, so if it isn't curing their disease, then that's tragic," P. Todd Stukenberg, a researcher of UVA's Department of Biochemistry and Molecular Genetics and the UVA Cancer Center, said. "One of our goals is to develop new tests to determine whether a patient will respond to a chemotherapeutic treatment, so they can find an effective treatment right away."

Per Stukenberg, the organelle that they discovered is both essential and ephemeral. This is because it actually only forms when it is needed to help sort out the cells, and then goes on to disappear after doing its job. This is why it hasn’t been discovered until recently.

Moving forward, Stukenberg and his team plan on studying the organelle’s role in colorectal cancer.

Cancer A patient has a mammogram, on October 9, 2017 at the Paoli-Calmette institute, a fight against cancer regional centre. Anne-Christine Poujoulat/AFP/Getty Images