Thyroid Gland Facts Doctors May Not Be Telling You

The thyroid gland plays a significant role in the body. It helps manage metabolism, supports the development of children and affects almost every cell in the body, among others. 

This butterfly-shaped organ is placed right under your larynx or voice box. Despite having multiple functions, thyroid mainly works to produce the hormones triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4), which control the metabolism of every cell in the body. 

It is important to keep the levels of these thyroid hormones in balance. Having problems with the organ could contribute to a number of health problems, from mild to serious conditions. 

Hyperthyroidism or too much thyroxine and hypothyroidism or very low hormone production are the two thyroid problems that could affect your overall health. Both conditions can disrupt body functions. 

There are ways to prevent these problems. You should start with lifestyle changes that should put you away from the risk factors that could damage your thyroid. 

But there is more to know about the thyroid gland and its functions. Read on to see how it can promote better health or do more harm than good. 

Thyroid Gland Facts

Hypothyroidism May Cause Infertility, Other Serious Complications

Hypothyroidism occurs when the organ becomes underactive. With this condition, you may get very low levels of important thyroid hormones in your blood.

If left untreated, hypothyroidism may cause infertility, birth defects, severe mental health problems and increased risk of heart disease, according to the Mayo Clinic. 

Identifying Hypothyroidism Can Be Tricky

This thyroid problem is preventable. However, it can be hard to detect the condition early. 

Hypothyroidism symptoms appear similar to other disorders. Doctors commonly misdiagnose patients because they commonly rely on signals from the body since there are few traditional tests available to detect thyroid problems. 

Hyperthyroidism Affects More Women

The other thyroid problem you should observe is hyperthyroidism. Having an overactive thyroid can cause problems since the organ produces too much T3 and T4 hormones.

Releasing the hormones at such levels could force the body to speed up many functions. Researchers said that women have a higher risk of developing hyperthyroidism than men, according to

Gluten And Soy Can Affect Your Thyroid Health

Exposure to these food may increase your risk of thyroid dysfunction. Gluten can cause inflammation and autoimmune responses while soy contain antinutrients and negatively affects digestive health and goitrogens, which affect thyroid function.

Fire Retardants Can Harm Thyroid

Some common household products contain bromine. Studies showed that this compound could damage thyroid function and hormone transport.

Bromine removes iodine from the body, which increases your risk of cancer of the thyroid gland, breast, ovary and prostate. Pesticides, plastics, flour and citrus flavored soft drinks contain the harmful compound. 

Less Stress And Sleep Can Improve Thyroid Health

Reducing stress and getting enough sleep at night can help you avoid thyroid problems. Stress affects the hypothalamic-pituitary-thyroid (HPT) axis, which support hormone secretion. One study showed poor sleep or insomnia could increase the risk of thyroid cancer.

Woman skin A range of skincare products contain an anti-aging molecule derived from vitamin A called retinol. However, it has to be taken with precaution when consumed in supplement form. Pixabay