The Grapevine

US Wells That Pump Groundwater Are Starting To Go Deeper and Deeper

Unless there’s a way to magically take out the salt in seawater, freshwater, used to address a city’s water supply needs, does not actually come from the ocean. It comes from a different source rather. For example, if you live somewhere near the mountains, it usually comes from the ice that melts from the top of said mountains, similar to how nations near the Himalayas get their supply. However, if you’re one of the many people residing in the many cities in the United States, then chances are, your water’s pumped by residential, agricultural and industrial wells.

Now, why is this relevant? Because these wells are starting to get dug deeper and deeper, it means that there might not be enough water for all of us and what's left might not even be sufficient. 

Groundbreaking water

 At present, more than 120 million people living in the U.S. rely on ground water for their needs, whether it’s for drinking or for irrigating crops. However, massive shifts in our planet brought about by global warming means that the water levels of nearly all major ground water sources have dropped. This includes aquifers like the High Plains region at the top of the Ogallala aquifer, as well as California’s fertile Central Valley.

Now, one trend to help combat these dropping water levels is to dig even deeper. However, scientists are now also warning that it’s not a sustainable solution that can secure the water needs of the people for the foreseeable future. For one thing, digging a deeper well is vastly more expensive, not to mention that it takes more energy to pump the water out and that’s if they find any in the first place. Even if they do find water, deeper wells also have the risk of tapping into salty water that can result in desalination, further contributing to a decreasing water supply.

Despite this, the trend is still followed by many. A recent paper revealed that from the years 1975 up until 2015, 70 percent of the wells present in the country have been dug deeper and now averages at 60 meters below the surface.

water Non-profit Environmental Working Group warned that drinking California's water for a long time could lead to cancer due to harmful contaminants. Pixabay