Fertility is the natural capability of giving life and fertility rate relates to the number of children born per couple, person or population. These rates differ from fecundity, which is defined as the potential for reproduction and can be influenced by gamete production, fertilization and carrying a pregnancy to the full term.

Scientists believe that human fertility depends on various factors like nutrition, sexual behavior, endocrinology, instinct, culture, timing and emotions. A woman becomes pregnant after she produces an egg which is then fertilized by a man’s healthy sperm.

The egg travels from the woman's ovary into her fallopian tube while the sperm swims up through the vagina and womb into the fallopian tube. Once fertilization occurs, the egg travels down the fallopian tube and plants itself in the woman's womb.

While all men and women are endowed with the ability to fertilize, fertility could prove elusive in certain contexts. In some cases the woman may find it tough to get pregnant in spite of all the required conditions.

Such conditions are referred to as Infertility, the most common causes in women includes ovulation problems and damaged or blocked tubes. The common causes in men relates to a low sperm count and poor-quality sperm.

In more than one-third of all infertile couples, doctors cannot find a reason for the infertility. There are several natural ways women can do to increase the chances of pregnancy which are safe and simple. We list out the five easiest ways:

1. Healthy body weight: Too much fat or too little fat are two important hurdles to fertility. An ideal nutrition that takes care of bodily requirement can go a long way in improving fertility. Diet rich in minerals and vitamins help regulate the body hormones and maintain a healthy reproductive system

2. Ovulation time: When you plan to conceive, timing is very crucial. The ovulation time is the phase when a woman becomes fertile and it is the most appropriate time for sex. The right timing is during the days preceding ovulation and the day of ovulation

3. Regular exercise: Mild to moderate exercise such as walking, jogging, swimming and cycling are considered to a good cure for infertility. The effect can maintain the fertility cycle of women

4. Herbs: Some herbs are also used to treat infertility. But be careful that the herbs you consume are safe and causes no side effects.

5. Right position: Some experts believe the copulation position too has an effect on fertility. Making love while standing, sitting, or with the woman on top can hamper the sperm’s journey through the fallopian tube. Ideally, the sperm must be as close as possible to the cervix. So the best position is one that allows the deepest penetration.