Scaly, itchy skin can be a major irritant. Most such condition goes by the name Eczema or dermatitis - a general term for many types of skin inflammation.

Atopic dermatitis is the most common form of eczema. It is believed to be brought on by genetic defect which can affect your skin’s natural barrier leaving it vulnerable to tacks from allergens.

Eczema is most common among infants and young children. Environmental irritants or allergens; substances like soaps, perfumes, or chemicals; food allergies; lifestyle stress; or changes in temperature or humidity can weaken your skin’s defenses leading to eczema.

You can treat it with oral or topical corticosteroids, antihistamines, or immune-suppressing drugs known as calcineurin inhibitors. While eczema is not preventable, self-care measures do help you manage the symptoms. Check out how to beat eczema:

1. Avoid bathing too much or over scrubbing your skin.

2. Bathe in lukewarm water, since hot water can strip natural oil from your skin.

3. Use a mild soap or a soap-free cleanser that leaves a film of moisture on the skin.

4. Apply an emollient right after your bath to create a protective film over your skin.

5. Avoid contact with potential allergens and irritants like perfume, metal, dust, smoke etc.

6. Wear comfortable loose fitting clothes so that your skin can breathe. Remember, there is nothing to beat cotton.

7. Manage stress through yoga and meditation as stress can trigger a bout of eczema.

8. Use cold compress to soothe and control itching.

9. Wear protective gloves when using harsh detergents for housecleaning.

10. Maintain a steady skin care regime even when you don’t have the symptoms.